What sections of construction are encompassed by "architectural woodwork"?
Does it include structures like desks, nightstands? Fold out beds?
I'm pretty sure it means non-structural woodwork like cabinets, doors, window casings- but does it include things like base, shelves, closets? What does it include and exclude?
Question answered by donnie m
It is trim inside and out.
What is the difference between a Colonial Revival and Georgian Revival architecture in a house?
I just bought a house that is one of these two. It has two large columns that extend to the second story which hold up a large pediment. The columns are are more posts than columns. The woodwork is white around the door and portico? and the shutters are black. The house is large red brick, rectangular with symetrical landscaping. Any ideas? Thanks all you architectual gurus!
Question answered by yellowdogs2kids4
~*~ American colonial architecture, also called Colonial Georgian, characterizes the style of domestic architecture, church buildings and some institutional and government buildings that were built in America from the earliest colonies.
The defining characteristics of Georgian architecture are its square, symmetrical shape, central door, and straight lines of windows on the first and second floor. There is usually a decorative crown above the door and flattened columns to either side of it. The door leads to an entryway with stairway and hall aligned along the center of the house. All rooms branch off of these. Georgian buildings, in the English manner were ideally in brick, with wood trim, wooden columns and entablatures painted white. In the US, one found both brick buildings as well as those in wood with clapboards. They were usually painted white, though sometimes a pale yellow. This differentiated them from most other structures that were usually not painted.
A Colonial-style house usually has a formally-defined living room, dining room and sometimes a family room. The bedrooms are typically on the second floor. They also have one or two chimneys that can be very large.
Another architecture style was Colonial Revival, a nationalistic architectural style and interior design movement in the United States.
In the early 1890s Americans began to value their own heritage and architecture. This also came after the Centennial Exhibition of 1876 rewakened Americans to their colonial past. Colonial Revival sought to follow the Colonial style of the period around the Revolutionary War, usually being two stories in height with the ridge pole running parallel to the street, a symmetrical front facade with an accented doorway and evenly spaced windows on either side of it.
The books and atmospheric photographs of Wallace Nutting helped spur the style.
Features that make them distinguishable from colonial period houses of the similar style of the early 1800s are elaborate front doors, often with decorative crown pediments and overhead fanlights and sidelights, but with machine-made woodwork that had less depth and relief than earlier handmade versions. Window openings, while symmetrically located on either side of the front entrance, were usually hung in adjacent pairs or in triple combinations rather than as single windows. Side porches or sunrooms were common additions to these homes, introducing modern comforts. Also distinctive in this style are multiple columned porches and doors with fanlights and sidelights. To go along with the Colonial Revival style of architecture, owners often seek to furnish the house with furnishings that are preferably antique but often are reproductions.
What features represent an early 20th century home?
I recently bought a home built in the early 1900s and am remodeling it. But I want to keep the old charm and any classic decorating or architectural features indicative of this era. For instance, we are reopening a 2nd staircase that had been shut off and are keeping much of the original woodwork around doors and windows. We are considering trying to refinish a room or two of the original hardwood flooring. What else can we try to save or add to show off the fact this home is an old classic?
Question answered by eskie lover
I restored a 1919 cape cod home and think you are into a fun, but challenging project. I used hardware throughout the house (drawer pulls, cabinet knobs, towel bars, faucets and door handles) that were period appropriate. You can find reproductions, but if you want the real McCoy, look to the architectural salvage stores in your area. I also used period lighting fixtures both inside and outside. If you really want everything period, they now even make reproduction appliances, like stoves and fridges, but they have modern features and are energy efficient. You can also find period tubs, sinks and toilets as well. I changed out all of the doors in the home to the horizontal 4 panels because the home had been remodeled in the 70's and the doors looked like it. I found a bannister, rails and baulstraud for the stairs at architectural salvage though they were not all orginally together they worked well enough to look like it.
How would you carve a les paul body out of wood i bought?
I have a piece of Mahogany and i want to make a les paul body.
Question answered by iroc70
Try the following websites for ideas :
The Beginner's Handbook of Woodcarving : With Project Patterns for Line Carving Relief Carving Carving in the Round and Bird Carving
by Charles Beiderman, William Johnston, William Johnston
Illustrated Guide to Carving Tree Bark : Releasing Woodspirits and Whimsical Dwellings in Found Wood
by Rick Jensen, Jack A. Williams (Photographer)
Manual of Traditional Wood Carving
by Paul N. Hasluck (Editor)
Carving Fantasy and Legend Figures in Wood : Patterns and Instructions for Dragons, Wizards and Other Creatures of Myth
by Shawn Cipa
Carving Birds in Wood
by Elmer J. Tangerman
Carving Architectural Detail in Wood : The Classical Tradition
by Frederick Wilbur, Guild of Master Craftsman Publications
Caricature Carvers Showcase : 50 of the Best Designs and Patterns from the Caricature Carvers of America
by Caricature Carvers Of America (Compiler) , Caricature Carvers Of America (Compiler)
Step-by-Step Relief Carving : Mastering the Use of Light and Perspective in Woodcarving
by David Bennett, Roger Schroeder
Whittling and Woodcarving
by Elmer J. Tangerman, E. J. Tangerman
The Book of Wood Carving : Technique, Designs, and Projects
by Charles Marshall Sayers
Carving Classic Female Faces in Wood : A How-to Reference for Carvers and Sculptors
by Ian Norbury
Carving Classic Female Figures in Wood : A How-To Reference for Carvers and Sculptors
Carving Cypress Knees : Creating Whimsical Characters from One of Nature's Most Unique Woods
Woodcarving Country Folk
by Mike Shipley
Carving Realistic Flowers in Wood : Rose,Hibiscus,Morning Glory: Ready-to-Use Patterns,Step-by-Step Projects,Reference Photos
by Wanda Marsh
Carving the Full Moon Saloon : The Art of Caricature in Wood
by Caricature Carvers of America, Caricature Carvers of America Staff
Irish Furniture : Woodwork and Carving in Ireland from the Earliest Times to the Act of Union
by James Peill, Knight of Glin, James Fennell (Photographer) , Dara McGrath (Photographer)
Carving Spoons : Welsh Love Spoons, Celtic Knots and Contemporary Favorites
by Shirley Adler, E. J. Tangerman, Harley Refsal
1001 Designs for Whittling and Woodcarving
by Elmer J. Tangerman
Big Book of Whittling and Woodcarving
by Elmer J. Tangerman, E. J. Tangerman
For even more books on this subject:
Between the websites and books, you should be able to learn how to do wood carving So you can carve the Les Paul body.
I hope this helps
Need information on Edna May Walling an Australian Horticulturist?
Edna is deceased now but there was a program on the ABC that did a story her life and how she designed gardens. This Program would have been televised in the early 2000's. She was also an author on books that were about garden design.
Question answered by Melissa M
Edna Margaret Walling was born on the 4th of December in Yorkshire, England. The birth was not recorded until January 1896 at St Catherine's House hence discrepancies by authors as to her date of birth.
Second daughter born to William (who had hoped for a boy) and Margaret Walling. He taught the tomboy Edna woodwork, perspective and scale.
Raised in the village of Bickleigh, Devon, Edna and her father enjoyed the country walks. The English gardens and countryside she loved are reflected in her garden designs.
One English garden visited was Gertrude Jekyll's Deanery Garden, Sonning. Edna later named her own Australian home Sonning. Jekyll's influence is evident in Walling's design
The Walling family migrated to New Zealand. The migration was prompted by a series of events including the loss of her father's business to fire. Edna witnessed this fire and, strangely, would later lose two homes in devastating fires herself.
Walling spent a year on a Kituna country station working as a cook and a cleaner.
After this 'education', Edna turned to nursing in a private hospital in Christchurch. Although she enjoyed nursing she ceased her studies to join her parents who had migrated to Melbourne, Australia.
Immigrated to Melbourne, Australia. Home to the Wallings was Arundel, a large boarding house in Commercial Road, South Yarra.
Attended Burnley Horticultural College as a full-time student from the 4th of September, 1916. Full-time female students were relatively new to the college, however part-time students were mainly women. Gardening and its design were seen as part of a housewife's duties and a feminine interest. "The instruction is arranged to suit women students in particular, but male students may also attend." Burnley Garden Prospectus, 1918.
Received a pass mark of 78% at Burnley and was rewarded with certificate 44, the Certificate of Competency in Horticulture, on the 19th of December 1918.
Worked as a jobbing gardener - "After leaving that school I found myself having to earn my living 'doing' people's gardens - not quite 'doing them in' but almost. However they all appreciated my straight eye...and my strength..."
Inspired by the sight of a stone wall supporting a semi-circular terrace - "From then on, gardens for me became a chance to carry out the architectural designs in my head ..."
Produced her first known gardening plan for Mr L. Heath, Linlithgow Rd, Toorak.
Bought three acres of land at Mooroolbark and began building her first home, Sonning. Sonning was built from local and second hand materials.
Bought 18 acres of land adjacent to Sonning. This land and the houses she was to build were to become the village of Bickleigh Vale based on her "scheme for the establishment of a model Devonshire village..."
Began working with Eric Hammond (renowned construction contractor).
First article in The Home 1/12/24. Co-authored with Katherine Ballantyne - sister of the architect Cedric Ballantyne - who recommended Walling for one of her first garden design commissions.
Wrote articles for The Australian Women's Mirror, The Australian Home Builder and The Australian Home Beautiful.
Designed her first country garden, Wairere near Mansfield, Victoria, commissioned by Major and Mrs Rutledge. She lived with the Rutledge family for three months while the garden was constructed. A plan of this garden was published in Australian Home Beautiful in February 1926.
Built The Cabin at Bickleigh Vale with Blanche Sharp, her bookkeeper. Wrote about this in How we put up our Little Stone Cabin, Australian Home Beautiful, May 1928.
Designed the lily pond for Coombe Cottage, Dame Nellie Melba's residence in Coldstream, Victoria.
Constructed The Barn, later to become her home in Bickleigh Vale.
Commissioned to design Durrol for Mrs Stanley Allen, Mount Macedon, Victoria. This is one of Walling's most significant gardens.
Designed the garden at Cruden Farm for Mrs Keith Murdoch (now Dame Elizabeth), Langwarrin, Victoria.
Designed first garden in Adelaide, South Australia.
Commissioned by Mrs McMillan and the Misses Marshall to design Mawarra, Mt Dandenong, Victoria. Later she was to write that this was her most beautiful design.
Gwynnyth Crouch began work for Walling as assistant, and lived at Sonning.
Began working relationship with Ellis Stones, a stone worker. Ellis Stones went on to forge his own career in stonework and landscape design.
Fire destroyed Sonning. On a windy day, while Gwynnyth Crouch and Walling were away, sparks from the fire were blown onto paper lying nearby and the house burnt to the ground. Poor water pressure meant that not much was saved. Walling made plans for Sonning II that same night.
Designed the Marshall Garden for Blanche Marshall (nee Sharp) Heidelberg, Victoria. This was her most informal suburban garden.
Undertook major commissions in Hobart, Tasmania.
Designed three of her most significant gardens:
Eurambeen, Beaufort, Victoria, for Mrs Theo Beggs,
Boortkoi for Mr Andrew Manifold, Hexham, Victoria, and
the Carnegie garden for Mr and Mrs Douglas Carnegie, Toorak, Victoria.
First trip to Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.
Gave radio talk on the ABC - On Making a Garden.
Opened her garden for various fundraising activities for the Red Cross war effort and the Women's Land Army.
Spoke on the Women's Session with Claire Mitchell, about landscape design.
Gardens in Australia her first book, was published.
Cruden Farm garden burnt by bushfire. The famous row of lemon scented gum trees lining the driveway were blackened, but survived.
Cottage and Garden in Australia, her second book, was published.
First visit to the Grampians, Victoria.
A Gardener's Log, her third book, was published.
Bought land at East Point, Lorne in southern coastal Victoria and began building a house. Wrote about her time at Lorne and the house she built. The manuscript, The Happiest Days of My Life, was never published.
Stopped writing her column Letters to Garden Lovers for The Australian Home Beautiful but continued to contribute articles about gardens, design and personal anecdotes until 1950.
Designed villages at Port Pirie, South Australia and Mount Kembla, NSW, for Broken Hill Associated Smelters Pty Ltd. The Mount Kembla village was built, but the Port Pirie village never eventuated.
Discontinued all writing for The Australian Home Beautiful.
Began correspondence with Jean Galbraith, Australian botanist and writer.
Moved to The Barn, a smaller cottage at Bickleigh Vale. Walling was "tired of looking after three acres".
The ABC broadcast two Walling talks: Improving the Farm and Curing Erosion and The Farmers' Friends.
Offered her three blocks of land at Lorne to the Field Naturalists' Club.
Began designing gardens using only Australian native plants.
The Australian Roadside, her fourth book, was published.
Glen Wilson taken on as a paying student.
Designed garden for Arnold Roberts in Buderim, Queensland.
Began friendship with the landscape architect Mervyn Davis, and the photographer and war heroine, Daphne Pearson.
Declined invitations to join the Australian Institute of Landscape Architects and the Australian Society of Authors saying: "...I am not a writer. I merely made a record of the work I had done..."
Wrote numerous letters to the editors of various newspapers on conservation issues.
Began collating photographs for a "book of famous people", an album of photographic portraits now held by the National Gallery of Victoria.
Left Melbourne for a small cottage, Bendles, at Buderim, Queensland.
Died 8th August. Buried at Buderim Cemetery.
On the Trail of Australian Wildflowers published posthumously with the aid of Jean Galbraith and the illustrator, Moira Pye.
Play about Walling's life, Edna for the Garden, by Suzanne Spunner, performed in the Fitzroy Gardens, Melbourne.
What features/characteristics make a property a Craftsman-style home?
Question answered by carolathome2099
Common architectural design features
Another craftsman houseLow-pitched roof lines, gabled or hipped roof
Deeply overhanging eaves,
Exposed rafters or decorative brackets under eaves
Front porch beneath extension of main roof
Tapered, square columns supporting roof
4-over-1 or 6-over-1 double-hung windows
Frank Lloyd Wright design motifs
Hand-crafted stone or woodwork
Mixed materials throughout structure
Can we restore Britain to architectural greatness?
I hate all of these modern buildings that look as if they were hacked from a solid block of misery (although I do appreciate the work of the builders).
Why can't we go back to the gothic and Victorian arcgitecture of old; is it simply a question of money/ health and safety? I mean genuine workmanship in the woodwork, stone carving, glazing...why can't we just sod the modern era and political correctness once in a while and build something that's actually nice, and so grand that we could actually be proud to call it a public building?
Question answered by Trevor
Most building nowadays are modular meaning that all doors, windows, bricks, blocks, fixtures, fittings etc are of a standard size. In effect a building can be constructed using 'off the shelf' materials - a window in one building will be exactly the same as a window in many other buildings.
A system called SMM (Standard Method of Measurement) was introduced many years ago in order to standardise things within the building industry. Architects, quantity surveyors, engineers all work from the same set of specifications.
True craftsmanship is a dying art. Historically a master craftsman would take on an apprentice who would learn the craft first hand over many years and then in turn pass his skills on. Much of today's training is learned from a pre-determined curriculum in college.
The skills do still exist and buildings of merit could still be constructed but the client would have to be prepared to wait a long time before completion of the project and would need a healthy bank balance.
As with so many things, people want things now and they want them at minimum cost.
Hi What do you need to study at college to do architecture in uni??
Also i'm really crap at drawing so im not sure if i should do it but everyone else seems to want to do nursing an i want to be different. So is it a good idea to go in to architecture if i can't draw?
Question answered by Bilbo
I know plenty of architects who can't draw to save their lives, so I wouldn't let that stop you.
On the other hand some facility for communicating your ideas visually is useful, but it comes with practice. Architectural drawing is more about looking, than artistic ability and putting down what you see. Technical drawing is mainly diagrammatic and is easy to pick up with practice - these days it's all done by computer anyway so I find myself with a skill (being able to draw with a rapidograph) that no-one wants to pay for any more. Ditto using a slide rule, but I digress.
It is a long course, so I wouldn't see it as a soft option - but if you have an eye for design, a practical organisational bent, and an interest in how buildings are put together it can be very rewarding, not mention an inclination for megalomania
which I have always found helpful.
The best advice is to ring up an architects office (or get your career's chappy to do it) so that you can arrange a brief visit and find out what goes on - most architects are nice people and would be happy to give you advice.
Foer A levels I did English Literature, Physics and Maths - but all my fellow students did a wide range of things. If I was doing it again I would probably do Art, English and maybe something like Woodwork - stuff I feel I would have been able to make use of in later life (my offer from uni was 2 'E's out of 4 A levels including General Studies so pretty much anything would have done).
Why don't we keep old buildings in Sydney instead of knocking them down for modern housing?
Need it for a school project, Thanks heaps. Seriously be honest whatever you feel. ;)
Question answered by BungalowMo
I think it's a shame that this is happening everywhere! Older (100+ yo) buildings have been proven to withstand the test of time. They are stronger, and will long outlast any new construction being put up today.
But in this throw-away society, this has become the "norm".
The craftsmanship of long ago is unparalleled. Buildings were very solid, in many cases the walls were over 16" thick with solid brick, the woodwork inside was crafted from old growth trees of at least 100 to 200 years old. The trim work, the fireplace surrounds, the flooring...everything was made with pride.
So what if making these building to "code" costs a few extra bucks? Once these places are gone...they are gone! There are very few craftsman out there any more who have had this art form passed down to them. That is also a shame.
I dare any "new" building out here today to last as long as some of these old architectural beauties. The old buildings that are being saved now will still all be here in another 100 years because they were built to LAST. And built with Love and Pride!
The crap being built today won't be here in 2070. Mark my words, they will be falling apart while the old gal next door still stands...smiling!
When I paint my bedroom walls, do I paint the door the same color? or leave it white?
Caplette's B. otch
Question answered by Máire Siobhán
You can do either.
It's very nice to highlight the architectural details like woodwork, door frames, and doors by painting them a contrasting color to the walls, like white, or cream, or ivory. Highlighting architectural details gives a room dimension and character. Consistency with this from room to room helps the flow from room to room and keeps things from feeling "choppy".
It can be helpful to visualize what would look best by looking at other interior finishes in books and magazines that are of the same period as your house/apt., to see what other designers have done.