Where can i find agricultural merchants in Wiltshire?
I am looking for agricultural merchants in Wiltshire and i wondered if anyone had knowledge of some suppliers in this area
Question answered by Eddie
It's not in Wiltshire, but just over the border in Chipping Sodbury, South Gloucestershire there's one called A Nicholls.
Why where the samurai in debt to the merchants?
This was mentioned in my Asia 202 class, but I can't remember why. I only remember that because the samurai were in debt.The merchants married their daughters off to them, to settle debts and gain status. So how did they become in debt?
Question answered by ammianus
A Samurai's income derived from the land,and Japanese isolationism and the end of internal warfare from the early 17th century meant that an individual Samurai couldn't increase the amount of land he had,and there were no new agricultural techniques imported to boost agricultural production.In effect,this meant a Samurai's income couldn't increase from generation to generation,and in fact decreased over time due to inflation.
Trade,however,could expand (limited trading at specified offshore points was allowed),but the people who made all the profits from this were the merchants,not the Samurai (their role in trade was solely as consumers).As what foreign trade that was allowed was strictly controlled by the government and all took place offshore,it was only the Shogun that could profit from this trade through imposition of customs and duties on imports.
The merchants therefore got richer while the Samurai got poorer,and they were forced to obtain luxury items on credit from merchants or borrow from money lenders to purchase them.With no increase in income,as these debts got higher there was progressively less prospect of Samurai ever paying them off.By marrying the daughters of rich merchants,they got rid of debt burdens,had access to the wealth of their fathers-in-law,and even the prospect of them or their children inheriting this wealth.From the merchants' point of view,they got the protection of a Samurai,and their grandchildren would be members of the ruling aristocracy by blood,thus enhancing the social status of the family as a whole.
Which of the following is true of eighteenth century European society?
A. Most Europeans were merchants or involved in global trade in some way.
B. Aristocracy grew in numbers.
C. The majority of Europeans were peasants.
D. The feminist movement gained momentum in Europe.
Question answered by CMV
C is the most true , but it isnt THAT true . A peasant is actually a small farmer , most europeans would have been agricultural or industrial labourers .
Actually , thinking about it , B is the better answer , the European Aristocracy DID actually increase in numbers 1700 to 1800 .
What kind of wares and services could a Roman of the second century find at the market?
...What does this reveal about the economic vitality of the city? Im doing a historical document reading in my Western Civilization class and this particular reading pertains to "The Eunuch: By Terence". The only thing i can find is when Thais references a merchant making her a present of a little girl stolen from Attica, but i don't think that's what the question is looking for.
Question answered by The spirit of Historian
Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew out of a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 10th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea, it became one of the largest empires in the ancient world.
In its centuries of existence, Roman civilization shifted from a monarchy to an oligarchic republic to an increasingly autocratic empire. It came to dominate South-Western Europe, South-Eastern Europe/Balkans and the Mediterranean region through conquest and assimilation.
Plagued by internal instability and attacked by various migrating peoples, the western part of the empire, including Italy, Hispania, Gaul, Britannia and Africa broke up into independent kingdoms in the 5th century AD.
-The Eastern Roman Empire, which was governed from Constantinople, comprising Greece, the Balkans, Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt, survived this crisis. Despite the later loss of Syria and Egypt to the Arab Islamic Empire, the Eastern Roman Empire would live on for another millennium, until its last remains were finally annexed by the emerging Turkish Ottoman Empire. This eastern, Christian, medieval stage of the Empire is usually referred to as the Byzantine Empire by historians.
Roman civilization is often grouped into "classical antiquity" with ancient Greece, a civilization that inspired much of the culture of ancient Rome. Ancient Rome contributed greatly to the development of law, war, art, literature, architecture, technology, religion, and language in the Western world, and its history continues to have a major influence on the world today.
what is the system of philippine Government which they encounter Rice Crises and Oil price High?
as we all know that philippines is the agricultural country, so WHY? we must experience this kind of Crisis.
Question answered by californiainfidel
My wife is a Filipina and connected to the military and police. Apparently, the Chinese merchants control much of the agricultural trade and have stockpiled rice to drive up the price. The NBI is raiding storehouses and releasing the rice. There is no scarcity, just an artificial shortage. Oil is expensive because almost all oil is in an international pool governed largely by OPEC. There is plenty of oil, but speculators have driven up the price. Oil is now in a "price bubble" that will break in the future.
What were merchants' live like in relation to the feudal system?
I mean the feudal system during the 16th century reformation of Martin Luther which involved the clergy at the top of the feudal system, merchants the middle class and peasants bottom class
Question answered by madderthanthehatter
Keep in mind that I'm condensing a lot of history into just a few sentences. But the merchants gradually displaced the Feudal Lords, Barons, the large land owners to such an extent that the heads of the feudal system have just about dissappeared from history.
Merchants increasingly grew more wealthy and the political powers that govern, over time, were foreced to go to the merchants as a source as funds for governing while the feudal lords experienced a slow erosion of their power.
Agriculture, now as in feudal times produced agriculture commodities. This meant that Feudal Lords starting at the 16th century were "price takers." The price of wheat was the price of wheat. The price of cattle was the price of cattle, the price of hogs were the price of hogs, the price of horses were the price of horses. One Feudal Lord could not set prices higher than his neighbour. Secondly technology of agriculture in the 16th century had not changed. Land owners did not have the ability to increase production or reduce the price of production except for lowering the price of labor. Agriculture did gain significant changes in technology that did allow them to do these things until the 19th century, but in the16th they were unknown and it was this lack of technology that allowed merchants to slowly take their place not only in rich life-styles but political power as well.
Merchants on the other hand, such as you can still see as a tourist if you visit Venice, Florence and Genoa in the 15th century, merchants traded silks and spices that came from the Silk Road allowed Merchants to set prices, they were "prices setters" so governments turned to Merchants for funds and they took away political power that used to belong to the Feudal Lords. The twin abilities to set prices and the gain of political power allowed the Merchant class to enjoy the life style that the Feudal Lords used to enjoy. When you visit Venice you also see that Merchants started to branch out in manufacturing as in Venice's glass works, new ways of weaving, the start of new inventions that increased the Merchant classes economic growth, while Feudal Lord's economic growth remained stagnant at best.
Once the New World was discovered in the 16th century, the amount of trade, new products from North and South America and a geometrical increase in the imports from the Far East opened by new trade routes discovered by the Portugese spelled the end of Feudalism.
To add insult to injury, the discovery of the new world allowed Merchant Classes to become the Feudal Lord's direct competitors as merchants established plantations in the New World which was fuelled by slave labor.
Through a confluence of hisotrical events the Merchant Classes experienced an exponentional increase in wealth from new trade routes, cheaper agricultural products through plantations and the birth pangs of new technologies that would lead to new products as well as the industrial revolution.
Feudal Lords had only one way to fight back and that was to squeeze their workforces' wages. This lead to a series of revolutions and political upheaval and as you noted, the wealth and life style of the merchant class started to eclipse the wealth and life style of the feudal lords starting even in the century before but was becoming more and more evident to the ruling classes during the 16th century. To whom would they go to for money in exchange for political power?
Add to this that Merchants also established a multitude of colonies overseas in order to enhance their trading empires but also added lands, colonies and powers to the political classes that were undreamed of 200 years ago.
The titles and powers that used to belong to the Feudal Lords belong to industrialists and even Rock Stars have displaced Feudal Lords and Ladies.
There are a few Feudal Lords left of course, but's it's almost a literature and movie cliche: a Feudal Lord marrys his daughter or son to an industrialist's daughter or son because they can't afford to hang on to their lands anymore without the money the marriage brings. All the industrialist gets is the title of "Lord" or "Lady" but to them it's only a bauble, almost a rich man's a toy like their art collections or private jets.
In Venice, Florence and Genoa, the Merchant classes future life style were evident during the 16th Century. In England, France, all over Europe, the castles and lands that used to belong to Feudal Lords had started to pass into the hands of the Merchants, but the Feudal Lords had been in power for so long, they weren't paying attention.
Can someone please explain to me the significance of a tariff?
I'm a high school sophomore who's taking AP U.S. History and the topic of tariffs arises quite frequently. I understand that a tariff is a tax that's imposed on imports or exports and the main purpose of it is to protect home industries from foreign competition but how does it do that exactly? Northern merchants supported tariffs while southern exporters resented them. Can someone please tell me why? And please don't give me a crap answer like the definition of a tariff. I already know what it is. I just need someone to further elaborate on it and its significance.
Question answered by Randal
Tariffs are usually associated with protectionism, a government's policy of controlling trade between nations to support the interests of its own citizens. For economic reasons, tariffs are usually imposed on imported goods.
A PROTECTIVE tariff is intended to artificially inflate prices of imports and protect domestic industries from foreign competition
The reason that the Northern merchants supported a "protective" tarrif is that they wished to protect their new industries from the competition of the same iIndustries in foreign countries. They wished to have the 'domestic' market pay them the prices they wanted/needed to become established. However, the exporters from the sourhern states wanted these protective tarriffs removed. There was very little industry in the South, so they had few if any 'industry' to protect. The tarriff on goods produced in the North increased the prices that needed to be paid by thepeople in the South. Also, since the southern states were agricultural, their exports were basic agricultural commodities, amd [;acvomg a tarriff on these exports would simply make their agricultural products more expensive to the rest of the world. Thus, the 'outside world' would go somewhare else to purchase their agricultural commodities. They would purchase these agricultural commodities from the lowest cost supplier (which meant someone who did not add the cost of a tarriff) to these commodities.
I hope this is helpful to you.
WHAT IS THE PERCENTAGE OF PHOSPHATE IN AGRICULTURAL PHOSPHORIC ACID IN THE MARKET?
What is the percentage of phosphate in agricultural grade phosphoric acid being used in horticultural
production to reduce the feed and soil PH especially in growing roses?
Question answered by Plant Nerdette
25 percent of merchant phosphoric acid is used for agricultural grade phosphoric acid.
What was the impact of the improved economy after the tenth century on the social system of western Europe?
A) The merchants lost considerable power.
B) Harsh serfdom became the rule throughout western Europe.
C) Despite the improved economy, the rigid social system associated with feudalism continued to dominate western Europe.
D) The improvements in the agricultural system retarded the development of towns and restricted social mobility.
E) The increased pace of economic life created a less rigid structure.
Question answered by PhoenixSpeaksOut
A) No - the tenth century saw a more laissez-fair economy where the merchant class grew rapidly. They gained considerable power through new wealth which would later finance academic and technological advances causing the Enlightenment Age.
B) No - The 'improved economy' would have improved economic growth and social mobility (to a minuscule degree). It was the beginning of the break down of the Feudal System which treated the serf classes harshly.
C) Technically yes, as Feudalism did continue to dominate Western Europe, but the gradual rise of the merchant classes changed this over the next 400 years. The Crusades were largely instigated and funded by the Merchant classes who sure the financial opportunity of capturing the Holy Land for it's slaves, weapons, glass, silk, spices et cetera. (The Republic of Venice would become one of the most powerful states in the world because of this, and as a democracy was more or less built on the merchant classes).
D) No - Improved Agriculture = More Crops = More Money = More Investment Potential = More Growth and Social Mobility.
E) Yes - Wealth now flowed more through the merchant classes and general populace instead of the restrictive feudal Nobility, which had repressed economic growth throughout the dark ages. Technology began to develop, increasing the Gross Domestic Product as more crops could be produced. The high demand for food began to balance out as a result, creating a greater disposable income for the common people, allowing for increased demand in tools and products instead of just food needed to survive. Merchants possessed more money through the developing trade and could afford to improve and expand their business interests, growing the economy further through investment. The explosion of the middle class (Merchants, Craftsmen, Artisans) began to create a divide between the Nobility and Serfs, deregulating the feudal structure and increasing social mobility.
If you are a history person and know a lot about the middle ages please help!?
I have to answer this essay question for my history class and i need help with it. The question is:
Describe the multiple hierarchies and social structures of medieval European society with attention to social, political, religious, military, economic, and agricultural concerns. Explain how this society functioned under the dominance of the roman catholic church, what holds did the church have on the people? Contrast this society with our own!
I am not a history person so any help on this question would be great.
Question answered by Louise C
Medieval Europe was organised on the feudal system, a hierarchial system where everyone owed allegiance to the peope above, and had obligations to the people below.
The majority of people woul dhav been peasant farmers, who would farm land rented from the lord of the manor. They were bound to the land which they farmed, and would pay rent for the land to the lord either in the form of labour on his own farm, or in cash. The villages were run by a Manor Court, which was made up of officials chosen from the villagers from among their own number. People would farm their own strips of land, and graze their animals on the common land. Women would generally be in charge of the poultry and the dairy, they would make their own butter and cheese, brew their own ale, etc. Every village had two or three alehouses which were generally ran by women, it was an occupation often followed by widows. Spinning was a major female occupation, most women would produce at least some of the thread needed for making the family's clothing, and they would often sell the surplus to professional weavers.
Town were a lot smaller than they are now, but they were thriving centres of industry and commerce. Tradesmen and craftsmen mostly belonged to one or other of the Guilds, which were responsible for regulating trade practises, setting standards of workmanship, and taking care of the welfare of their members. The towns were run by a council which was usually made up of the most prosperous and influential townsfolk, wealthy merchants etc. Businesses tended to be family affairs, with wives and children involved in whatever trade the master of the household followed. Widows often continued to run a business after their husbands died. some women engaged in business independently, though the number of women in independent business was very small compared to the numbrer of men.
The church was at the centre of most people's lives. The year revolved around the church calendar. Saints Days were holidays, and there were a lot of them. Christmas lasted for 13 days, from Christmas Day through till Epiphany (6th January). 7th January was known as St Distaff's Day becuase it was the day when resumed their all-important task of spinning. Candlemass, Easter, Pentecost and Corpus Christi were other important church festivals. Advent and Lent were periods of fasting.
The village church was a place for meetings, pageants, and parties as well as church services. Monasteries provided the poor with care, they had infirmaries where the sick and aged were cared for, they gave almst to the poor, and hospitality to poor travellers. They also educated children, about one peasant boy in ten became a clergyman.